Have you ever thought about what you would do in an emergency situation if food became scarce? It’s not something we like to think about, but it’s always a good idea to be prepared. One way to ensure you have enough food to survive is by having a long-term food storage plan in place. In this article, we’ll discuss some options for long-term food storage and why it’s important to have a plan in place.

When it comes to long-term food storage, there are a few different options you can choose from. One option is dehydrating your food, which involves removing the moisture to prevent spoilage. This method can be used for fruits, vegetables, and meats. Another option is canning your own food. This involves sealing food in jars or cans and heating them to kill any bacteria that could cause spoilage. You can can your own fruits, vegetables, and even meats.

Another long-term food storage option is freeze-drying. This process involves freezing the food and then removing the ice by placing it in a vacuum chamber. Freeze-dried food has a long shelf life and the process preserves the flavor and nutrients of the food. Lastly, you can also consider purchasing pre-packaged, freeze-dried meals that are specifically designed for long-term storage. These meals typically have a shelf life of 20-30 years and can be a convenient option in case of an emergency.

In this article, we’ve covered a few options for long-term food storage. It’s important to have a plan in place to ensure that you and your family have enough food in case of an emergency. In the next section, we’ll dive deeper into each option and provide more details on how to properly store and preserve your food for the long term. Stay tuned!

What Are Some Long-term Food Storage Options?


Canning is a popular method of food preservation that has been used for centuries. It involves sealing food in jars or cans and then heating them to destroy any bacteria or microorganisms that could cause spoilage. This process creates a vacuum seal, preventing any air or moisture from getting inside the container and spoiling the food.

How does canning work?

Canning works by using heat to kill bacteria, yeast, and molds that are present in the food and on the surface of the container. This heat treatment destroys enzymes in the food that can cause it to spoil. The sealed container prevents any new microorganisms from entering and contaminating the food. Canning can be done using a water bath method for high-acid foods or a pressure canner for low-acid foods.

Types of foods that can be canned

Nearly any type of food can be canned, but some foods are better suited for canning than others. High-acid foods such as fruits, pickles, and tomatoes can be safely canned using a water bath method. Low-acid foods such as meats, vegetables, and soups require a pressure canner to ensure safe processing. It is important to follow tested recipes and guidelines to ensure that the food is canned safely.

Recommended canning equipment

To start canning at home, you will need some basic equipment. This includes a water bath canner or pressure canner, canning jars, lids, and bands, a jar lifter, a canning funnel, and a bubble remover. It is also recommended to have a reliable source of tested canning recipes to ensure the safety of your preserved foods.

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Dehydrating is another method of long-term food storage that involves removing the moisture from the food. This inhibits the growth of bacteria, yeast, and molds, preventing spoilage. Dehydrated foods have a long shelf life and can be easily rehydrated for consumption.

Methods of dehydrating food

There are several methods of dehydrating food, including using a dehydrator, an oven, or simply air-drying. A dehydrator is an appliance specifically designed for drying foods and offers precise temperature control. An oven can also be used by setting it to a low temperature and leaving the oven door slightly ajar to allow moisture to escape. Air-drying can be done by placing food on a wire rack or hanging it in a well-ventilated area.

Benefits of dehydrating food

Dehydrating food offers several benefits. Firstly, it reduces the weight and volume of the food, making it easier to store and transport. Dehydrated foods also retain most of their nutritional value, including vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Additionally, dehydrated foods are compact and do not require refrigeration, making them ideal for camping, hiking, and other outdoor activities.

Popular dehydrated food options

Some popular dehydrated food options include dried fruits such as apples, bananas, and mangoes, as well as dried vegetables like kale, carrots, and tomatoes. Meat and fish can also be dehydrated to create jerky, which is a popular snack. Dehydrated grains, such as rice and quinoa, can be rehydrated and used in various recipes.


Freezing is one of the most common methods of food preservation. It involves lowering the temperature of the food below freezing, which slows down the growth of microorganisms and enzymes that cause spoilage. Freezing is an effective way to store a wide variety of foods for long periods of time.

Proper freezing techniques

To properly freeze food, it is important to follow a few guidelines. Firstly, the food should be fresh and of high quality. It should be packaged in airtight containers or freezer bags to prevent freezer burn and deterioration in quality. It is also important to label the containers with the name of the food and the date it was frozen. To thaw frozen food, it should be placed in the refrigerator or immersed in cold water.

Packaging for long-term freezing

When packaging food for long-term freezing, it is important to use appropriate materials to maintain the quality of the food. Airtight containers made of plastic, glass, or metal are recommended. Freezer bags made of heavy-duty material are also suitable for freezing food. It is important to remove any excess air from the containers or bags to prevent freezer burn.

Choosing foods suitable for freezing

Not all foods are suitable for freezing. Some foods, such as lettuce and cucumbers, have high water content and do not freeze well. On the other hand, foods like fruits, vegetables, meats, poultry, seafood, and bread can be successfully frozen. It is important to blanch certain vegetables before freezing to deactivate enzymes that can cause off-flavors and textures.

Vacuum Sealing

Vacuum sealing is a method of food preservation that involves removing air from a package and creating a vacuum seal. This method extends the shelf life of food by preventing the growth of bacteria and molds that require oxygen to survive.

How does vacuum sealing preserve food?

Vacuum sealing preserves food by removing air from the packaging. Oxygen is a key component for the growth of microorganisms that cause spoilage. By removing oxygen, the growth of these microorganisms is inhibited, thereby extending the shelf life of the food. The vacuum seal also prevents freezer burn in frozen foods.

Benefits of vacuum sealing

There are several benefits to vacuum sealing food. Firstly, it extends the shelf life of the food, allowing it to be stored for longer periods of time. Vacuum-sealed food also retains its flavor and nutritional value better than other methods of food storage. Additionally, vacuum sealing reduces waste by allowing leftovers to be stored and enjoyed later.

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Recommended vacuum sealing equipment

To vacuum seal food at home, you will need a vacuum sealer machine and vacuum sealing bags or rolls. There are several types of vacuum sealers available, including handheld sealers and countertop models. It is important to choose a vacuum sealer that suits your needs and budget. Vacuum sealing bags and rolls should be made of high-quality material to ensure a proper seal and to prevent punctures or leaks.

What Are Some Long-term Food Storage Options?

Root Cellaring

Root cellaring is a traditional method of long-term food storage that involves using a cool, dark, and humid environment to store vegetables and fruits. This method is particularly suited for root vegetables, such as potatoes, carrots, and beets, that can be stored for extended periods without the need for refrigeration or preservation methods.

Basics of root cellaring

A root cellar is a natural or man-made underground storage space that is cool and dark. The temperature in a root cellar should ideally be between 32°F and 40°F (0°C and 4°C) with a relative humidity of 85 to 95 percent. The cool temperature and high humidity help to slow down the natural ripening and decay processes, allowing stored produce to last for several months.

Vegetables and fruits ideal for root cellaring

Certain vegetables and fruits are well-suited for root cellaring. Root vegetables such as potatoes, carrots, turnips, and beets can be stored in a root cellar. Other vegetables like onions, garlic, and winter squashes also do well in this environment. Some fruits, such as apples, pears, and hardy varieties of plums, can also be stored in a root cellar.

Creating an optimal root cellar environment

To create an optimal root cellar environment, it is important to control temperature, humidity, and ventilation. Insulation and ventilation are key to maintaining a stable temperature and humidity. A thermometer and hygrometer can help monitor these conditions. Additionally, the root cellar should be regularly checked for any signs of spoilage or rot and any affected produce should be removed.

Salt Preservation

Salt preservation is a method of long-term food storage that involves using salt to draw out moisture from the food, inhibiting the growth of bacteria and microorganisms that cause spoilage. This method has been used for thousands of years and can be particularly effective for preserving meats and fish.

Methods of salt preservation

There are several methods of salt preservation. One method involves dry salting, where the food is coated in salt and packed tightly to draw out moisture. Another method is brine curing, where the food is submerged in a concentrated saltwater solution. Both methods effectively inhibit the growth of bacteria and microorganisms by dehydrating the food.

Foods suitable for salt preservation

Salt preservation is commonly used for meats, particularly pork and beef. It is also commonly used for preserving fish, such as cod, herring, and salmon. Other types of food that can be salt preserved include olives, vegetables, and certain types of cheese. It is important to note that salt-preserved foods can be high in sodium and should be consumed in moderation.

Storing salt-preserved foods

Once the salt preservation process is complete, the food should be stored in a cool, dry place. It is recommended to store salt-preserved foods in airtight containers or wrap them tightly in plastic wrap or wax paper. Proper storage ensures that the food remains protected and can be enjoyed for an extended period of time.

What Are Some Long-term Food Storage Options?

Smoking and Curing

Smoking and curing are methods of long-term food preservation that involve using smoke and salt to create an environment that inhibits the growth of bacteria and microorganisms. These methods have been used for centuries and are particularly effective for preserving meats.

How does smoking and curing preserve food?

Smoking and curing preserve food by creating an environment that is inhospitable to bacteria and microorganisms. Smoking infuses the food with substances from the smoke that have antimicrobial properties, inhibiting the growth of bacteria. Curing involves applying salt to the food to draw out moisture, creating an environment that is unfavorable for bacteria to thrive.

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Meats commonly smoked and cured

Common meats that are smoked and cured include bacon, ham, sausages, and smoked fish. The smoking process adds flavor and imparts a distinct aroma to the meat. Curing is often done in conjunction with smoking to enhance the preservation process. These methods not only extend the shelf life of the meat but also impart unique and delicious flavors.

Safety precautions for smoking and curing

When smoking and curing meat, it is important to follow proper safety precautions to prevent foodborne illness. The meat should be properly cleaned and prepared before smoking or curing. The temperature and time of smoking should be carefully monitored to ensure that the meat reaches a safe internal temperature. It is also important to store smoked and cured meats in the refrigerator or freezer to prevent spoilage.

Emergency Ration Packs

Emergency ration packs are pre-packaged food supplies designed to provide a person or family with enough food to survive in an emergency situation. These packs are often used during natural disasters, military operations, or other situations where regular food supply may be disrupted.

What are emergency ration packs?

Emergency ration packs, also known as survival rations or MREs (Meals Ready to Eat), are designed to be lightweight, portable, and easy to store. They typically contain a variety of ready-to-eat meals, snacks, and drinks that provide a balanced mix of nutrients and calories. These packs often include non-perishable foods that can be stored for long periods of time without refrigeration.

Popular brands of emergency ration packs

There are several popular brands of emergency ration packs available on the market. These include Mountain House, Wise Company, and Augason Farms. Each brand offers a range of products with different shelf lives, calorie counts, and meal options. It is important to choose a brand and product that meets your specific needs and dietary requirements.

Longevity and storage recommendations

Emergency ration packs are designed to have a long shelf life, typically ranging from 3 to 5 years or more. However, the actual shelf life can vary depending on the specific product and storage conditions. It is important to store emergency ration packs in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight. Regularly checking the expiration dates and rotating the packs can help ensure that the food remains fresh and usable in case of an emergency.

What Are Some Long-term Food Storage Options?

Dried Goods

Dried goods are food items that have been intentionally dehydrated to remove the moisture. This preservation method extends the shelf life of the food and allows it to be stored for long periods without refrigeration or special preservation techniques.

Examples of dried goods

Dried goods can include a variety of food items. Some common examples include dried fruits such as raisins and apricots, dried beans and lentils, dried pasta, dried herbs and spices, and dried nuts and seeds. Dried goods can be used in a variety of recipes and provide a convenient and nutritious option for long-term food storage.

Proper storage conditions for dried goods

To maximize the shelf life of dried goods, it is important to store them in proper conditions. Dried goods should be kept in airtight containers, such as glass jars or plastic bags, to prevent moisture and insect infestation. They should be stored in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight. Proper storage can help maintain the quality and flavor of dried goods for an extended period of time.

Examining expiration dates and food quality

When storing dried goods, it is important to regularly check the expiration dates and assess the quality of the food. Dried goods that are past their expiration date or show signs of spoilage, such as mold or off-odors, should be discarded. It is also important to store dried goods in small quantities and rotate them regularly to ensure that they are consumed before the quality deteriorates.


In conclusion, there are several long-term food storage options available that can help ensure a stable food supply in case of emergencies or during times of limited access to fresh food. Canning, dehydrating, freezing, vacuum sealing, root cellaring, salt preservation, smoking and curing, emergency ration packs, and dried goods are all viable methods of preserving food for extended periods of time. Each method has its own advantages and considerations, and the choice of method depends on factors such as the type of food being preserved, available resources, and personal preferences. By utilizing these long-term food storage options, you can have peace of mind knowing that you have a reliable source of food for you and your family.

What Are Some Long-term Food Storage Options?

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By Chris Wright

My goals with PreppingSurvival.com are to help you prepare your family for every day life as well as the things that pop up like job loss, storm damage, store shortages, etc. The better prepared you are for life, the easier survival becomes. Learn to thrive, not just survive!